Saturday night

Here are the rough outlines of what our advantages should look like, as per our conversation this afternoon. The portions marked with asterisks are the ones most in need of further research.

China is our real priority for the night. Let's get that one ready for tomorrow!

Space advantage

- militarization of space is inevitable (for a variety of reasons)
    • - China perceives conflict in space as inevitable, so the neg’s DAs are non-unique
- control over space is crucial to US hegemony (for a variety of reasons)
- commitment to defend space deters other states from investing in space weapons
- successful US militarization of space means we can deter other states from USING their weapons, even if they do develop them
- SBL can successfully protect space resources

Economy impact:

- disruption of satellites/space resources damages the economy
    • - perception that the US is not committed to defending space resources discourages investment, or causes companies to work with China instead
    • - ASAT technology will be disseminated to rogue regimes, who will conduct targeted, terrorist strikes on space resources with the intent of damaging the global economy

Asteroid impact:

    • - SBL can protect satellites from asteroids or meteors that might strike them
    • - SBL can deflect asteroids from hitting earth and killing everyone

China impact:

    • - China is currently deterred from invading Taiwan because of our military dominance. In particular, our space dominance
    • - increased Chinese space militarization will embolden them to make provocative gestures toward Taiwan
    • - this will provoke miscalculation by both sides, starting a conflict, which then escalates

NMD advantage

    • - US will inevitably pursue NMD. Only question is whether it works.
- Noah’s really long card about missile technology proliferation, current NMD failing, etc. SBL is the only way to get successful NMD
    • - more cards that NMD can’t work without SBL
- NMD good: prevents proliferation. Makes arms races pointless
    • - NMD good: stabilizes deterrence (and answers to the argument that it disrupts Mutual Assured Destruction)

Friday night

- Remember to send ALL your work to both the Senior Assistant associated with your group AND to me ( at the end of the night
- Try to do your own searches, but if you have trouble, consult with your senior assistant about articles to read from the cite list below, or from their work.
- EVERYTHING MUST BE IN THE DDW TEMPLATE. Talk to your senior assistant or the library staff if you are having any trouble with this
- Come tomorrow with a list of issues your group needs to have covered

Group 1. Solvency


What we need in space (and where it goes)
Kinetic weapons
General solvency cards
T cards that militarization is development (or exploration)

Group 2. Inevitability and China


China and space mil inevitable
China is inherently aggressive – stuff about internal Chinese politics that make this true
US is already militarizing. Just not doing it well

Group 3. Advantage/impact work


Space mil is good/bad
space dominance key to heg
space dominance key to prevent space war, first strike
A2: space mil bad
Neg work (space mil bad)

Cites for group 2

Oppenheimer 3, (Andy, regular contributor to lane's Information Group and the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, “Arms race in space” Foreign Policy, Issue 138, p. 81, September- October 2003) CCH
Predictably, these plans to expand the Monroe Doctrine above the ozone layer

Eisendrath 6, (Craig, a senior fellow at the Center for International Policy in Washington, D.C., is an adjunct professor of American Studies at Temple University, Philadelphia, “Waging War in the Heavens: Profit and Power Go Hand in Hand as the U.S. Gears Up to Spread Its Military Influence to Vet Another Vast Region-Outer Space” USA Today (Society for the Advancement of Education), Vol. 135, November 2006) CCH
Moore cites the problem, often raised by critics, that space weaponization is being driven by those corporations, such as Boeing, Lockheed-Martin, and TRW, which

Griffin and Lin, 8 - Research Assistant, School of Advanced International Studies, Johns Hopkins University
(Christopher Griffin and Joseph Lin, Armed Forces Journal, “China’s Space Ambitions” April 8, 2008,,pubID.27772/pub_detail.asp)
The impetus behind China's drive toward developing military space capabilities

Space mil inev
Jon Kyl 07, ranking minority member of the Subcommittee on Taxation and IRS Oversight of the Committee on Finance and of the Subcommittee on Ter­rorism, Technology and Homeland Security of the Committee on the Judiciary, as well as chairman of the Senate Republican Conference, The Heritage Foundation, “China's Anti-Satellite Weapons and American National Security,” 2007,
The distinctions made by the opponents of space security are simply untenable

Other countries are increasing their military dominance of space – this will be used to challenge U.S. hegemony
The Washington Times, 8 (David. R Sands, “China, India hasten arms race in space; U.S. dominance challenged,” 6-25-08, Lexis)
On the planet's final frontier, more and more countries are beefing up their border

Countries’ capability of space reach makes militarization inevitable
Myers, 8 (Steven, International Herald Tribune, “Is an arms race in space a given?; U.S. not backing down from quest to defend orbiting interests,” 3-11-08, Lexis)
Is war in space inevitable? The idea of such a war has been around

Saunders, 7- Senior Research Professor at the National Defense University’s Institute for National Strategic Studies
(Dr. Phillip C., “China’s Future In Space: Implications for U.S. Security,” 2007,
Despite incentives to avoid a space race, arms control solutions face significant

James Oberg, space writer and a former space flight engineer based in Houston, 1999, Space Power Theory,
It is almost certain that sometime early in the 21st Century, the fielding of

John J. Miller, Bradley Fellow at the Heritage Foundation 7/15/2002 National Review
The lesson for space is that some country inevitably will move to seize control of it, no matter

Cites for group 3

Forden, 8—An M.I.T. research associate and a former UN weapons inspector and strategic weapons analyst Congressional Budget Office
(Geoffrey, PhD, “How China Loses the Coming Space War”, 1-10-08,
But if the short term military consequences to the United States are not that

Space weaponization key to military readiness
Everett C. Dolman, Associate Professor of Comparative Military Studies at the U.S. Air Force's School of Advanced Air and Space Studies, 9-14-05, “US Military Transformation and Weapons in Space,” [Tandet]
With such demonstrated utility and reliance, there is no question the US must guarantee

Brookes 05, Peter: Senior Fellow: Asian Studies Center, Joint Chiefs of Staff service badge, and 3 Navy Commendation Medal – [“Militarizing Space,” The Heritage Foundation, June 7, 2005,]
The latest hysteria surrounds the Bush administration's soon-to-be-issued National Space Policy — the first NSP update since the Clinton administration's

Joel Primack, a professor of physics at the University of California at Santa Cruz, 9/1/2002, Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists
But in reality, space does not clear after an explosion near our planet

Major General Donald Lambertson et al, 1996, New World Vistas Air and Space Power for the 21st Century, p. xii-xiii
There are two additional applications of HEL technology that may or may

Walker et al, 02 - Chair of the Commission on the Futureof the United States Aerospace Industry Commissioners (Robert, Final Report of the Commission on the Futureof the United States Aerospace Industry Commissioners, November,
Aerospace will be at the core of America’s leadership and strength

Dr. Robert L. Pfaltzgraf and Dr. William R. Van Cleave, Independent Working Group, 2007, “Missile Defense, The Space Relationship, and the 21st Century”, 2007,
For the United States, space represents an indispensable first line of defense

Elhefnawy 3 (Nader, doctoral student at the University of Miami. He has previously written for several other military journals, including Armor and Proceedings, “Four Myths about Space Power” Parameters, Volume: 33, Issue: 1, p. 124, 2003) // CCH
The satellite gap between America and every other nation in the world

Control of space is key to U.S. power projection
Keith Hall, Assistant Secretary of the Air Force (Space) and Director, National Reconnaissance Office, March 8, 2000,
As highlighted again in Kosovo operations, U.S. space capabilities are an indispensable

Thursday night

If you have not done debate research before, print out these two articles and do the same thing that we did in the practice exercise:
1. identify paragraphs or groups of paragraphs that look like cards. Bracket them
2. Write a rough guess for a tag (a one-line explanation of the argument it makes)
3. underline what seem to be important sections

Brown, 9 (Trevor Brown, MSc, S. Rajaratnam School of International Studies, Nanyang Technological University, “Soft Power and Space Weaponization,” Air & Space Power Journal, Spring 2009,

Dolman, 5 (Everett C. Dolman, Associate Professor of Comparative Military Studies, US Air Force School of Advanced Air and Space Studies, “US Military Transformation and Weapons in Space,” September 14, 2005,

If you have done debate research before but don't know how to use a template, just use whatever system you are comfortable with for tonight.

If you know how to use a template, please use the DDW template.